Always prepare the wood before you paint over stain. Using a quality paint, either water based latex, oil based, or spray paint, paint over your previously stained wood. This will influence the … It’s possible to cover oil-based finish with either latex paint or oil-based paint, but additional surface prep is needed. Q: My childhood dresser is beautiful but the wood stain looks faded. To ensure the best results, ask your paint store to tint the primer a similar color to your top coat. Repeat and let the surface air dry. Because latex paint is water-based, it is incompatible with oil-based solid stains. And, exterior grade oil-based clear coats are not typically applied over water-based stains or paints. Water-based stains – Mostly recommended for exterior use, you can recognize them by their semi-transparent color and the word latex mentioned on their label. Expert advice from Bob Vila, the most trusted name in home improvement, home remodeling, home repair, and DIY. Based in Alexandria, Virginia, Williams Professional Painting has served Virginia, Maryland and Washington, D.C. as a painting contractor since 1979. If the drywall or plaster is not dry, you will not be able to paint it successfully. It's OK to use oil-based stain over water-based as long as you clean and prepare the existing surface well. If you skip this important step, you will continue to see water stains through the paint. RELATED: 11 Problems You Can Solve with Paint. This is best done professionally because many of the sprays you use to kill mold are toxic (to kill the mold) and can be dangerous if not handled carefully. If it is not repaired or if the repair job is bad, then the water will continue to come in and you will need to paint that spot again, (and again, and again, every time it rains!) Sand again to smooth the surface and clean with a damp rag. By using any of the three stain blockers above will effectively block stains permanently, with no bleed through. Luckily, there are ways around this when it comes to applying finishes. Sponge away any dust from your sanding process. Make sure each coat is completely dry before applying the next coat. Oil and water are famous for repelling one another and not mixing. When using an oil based topcoat over a water based stain or milk paint, allow water based finishes, such as HP topcoat to dry at least 24 hours before coating with an oil based product. Minwax® Water Based Wood Stain comes in two tint bases—Clear Tint Base and White Tint Base—that are used to make 40 different stain colors. Whether you're noticing the stains for the first time or they're old ones, find the leak or you could soon have some major ceiling repairs on your hands. First, patch-test the chalk paint on an inconspicuous spot and let dry eight hours. A: Kudos to you for doing right by a family heirloom! When glazing with any color over water stains, we recommend some type of seal coat is applied first. Condominium Exterior and Hallway Painting. There are several advantages to using water-based color stains. Is this sounding like a lot of work? Always wait before the first coat is completely dry—typically overnight—before applying a second coat. Step 1 Wipe the latex finish with a rag dampened with mineral spirits. It is perfect for updating antiques, creating a matte finish that can easily be distressed for a “shabby chic” feel. Unfortunately, the two colors you have chosen do not work very well together. but the underlying finish has to be absolutely dry. Paint can be applied to water sealers, but the drying time of the sealer itself is the most important part of this task. First, don safety goggles and gloves, and turn on a fan to circulate the air in your work area. To generate a durable finish, you must apply a special primer that will bond to both coatings. For another, they can be used without the need for ventilation, since they produce no dangerous fumes, and cleanup is simple – just soap and water. Clean the surface with trisodium phosphate, sand rough areas and apply stain-blocking latex primer to ensure that the oil from the stain does not bleed into the paint later. Yes, only there are a few things you need to do (or have done) before the water stain can be painted over. Wait overnight for the first coat of chalk paint to dry, then apply a second coat. Allow the surface to dry for at least 10 minutes. If the paint adheres without bleed-through, you can paint without priming. Also, if the mold is bad enough, you may need to replace that section of drywall or plaster. You can trust us to get the painting done quickly and attractively, but most of all, done right, so that the new paint lasts like it should. ANSWER: Yes! Read on to learn how to get great results when painting over wood stain. A tint base is brought to the paint counter at the home center or hardware store for color mixing, similar to the way paint is mixed. Chalk paint is a water-based formula that will stick to almost anything. Dip a washcloth in water and wipe off any dust or grit left behind by the sandpaper. Dip a soft sponge into the mixture, wring out, and wipe down the surface, soaking up all dirt and grime. If, however, you notice streaks, prime with a bonding, stain-blocking primer such as Valspar’s primer/sealer (available at Lowe’s). ©2021 Williams Professional Painting, Inc. Next, make sure that the area is dry. This paint over stain technique is not a stain at all but because you paint in one direction, the base coat shows through in such a way to look like wood grains, providing a subtle barn wood finish to an existing piece. If you are planning on painting your wood siding with an exterior wood stain, you're probably wondering whether to use a water-based or an oil-based product.There are important factors you should consider when making your decision. Use a dry cloth to absorb any excess water and, if the object is still damp, let it air dry before staining it. Paint the affected area with a high-quality interior paint. You’ll find most oil stains should dry for at least 12 to 18 hours before going over the stain with any EMTECH water-based sealer or topcoat. You will probably need to paint that whole wall or ceiling, because it is very difficult to paint just a patch and get it to blend well with the rest. For best results, prime the water-sealed wood first. Woodworking Myth: You should never put a water-based finish on top of an oil-based finish. Follow the basic steps of clean, sand, prime, paint. A water based stain will also retain its color better than oil. As long as you have a professional take care of the leaks and any mold, the process is not too difficult for an experienced do-it-yourselfer, but it is time consuming. Any questions? Paint: Finally, you can paint! Expresso will always bleed if Whitewash is applied directly over … Now apply a bonding primer—a water-based formula designed to adhere to glossy and other hard-to-paint surfaces (such as varnish and polyurethane)—following product directions carefully. First, clean the stained surface with soapy water to remove any dust, dirt, and cobwebs. Then, follow these general preparatory steps for painting over stain: Paint adheres well over water-based stain, so after completing the prep steps outlined above, apply a water-based latex primer with a brush or a roller. For the best results possible, we recommend that you use two coats of paint on your project. Well, to tell the truth, it is! Deglosser, also known as “liquid sandpaper,” contains heavy solvents that strip the finish off wood surfaces faster than manual sanding. QUESTION: Can oil and water based products be used over each other? Repeat this step if necessary, applying a second thin polyurethane top coat and sanding any rough areas the next day. 16 Essential Must Have Painting Tools Because chalky surface can scratch more easily, protect your paint job with a polyurethane top coat. RELATED: 11 Problems You Can Solve with Paint. Copyright © 2021 Acton Media Inc. All rights reserved. Painting over the stain isn't difficult, but it requires an undercoat of stain-blocking primer to prevent the stain from reappearing. For indoor projects, use interior paint. Water is the best thinner for them. If you wish to change from a water-based to oil-based deck stain, or vice versa, here are some suggestions. If the water stains are on your ceiling, then the likeliest issue is a roof leak, probably near a vent, a vent pipe, a chimney, or some other feature where water tends to find a way in. I’d love to update it with fresh paint and new hardware, but I’ve heard that you can’t get good results painting over stain. You may need 2 coats of paint to get the coverage you desire. If the water stains are near a window or door, it is very likely the fault of deteriorated caulking, faulty wood, or a problem with the door or window itself. Also, let him or her know what type of stain you’re painting over (oil-based or water-based), and what type of paint you intend to use. Repair any holes, scratches, or other damage with wood filler. Using water-based or acrylic paint when painting over oil-based paint is likely to cause peeling or chipping because those formulas don't bond well with the naturally glossy surface of oil-based paint. Varnish stains – Although they are thicker than most oil-based stains, they too contain mineral spirits and can be thinned with it. Traditionally painting directly over water stains with emulsion paint would fail, resulting in water stains bleeding through the paint. Next, to dull the stain, lightly sand the surface with 150-grit or finer sandpaper, moving in the direction of the grain to avoid crosshatching in the final result. Now that you have repaired the leak, dried the drywall, killed the mold, and primed stains, you are ready to paint. For one thing, they offer a range and intensity of colors that oil-based stains can't begin to offer. I would suggest preparing the ceiling by rubbing down with sandpaper then apply one coat of oil based undercoat to the stained surface if the ceiling isn't very large then i would paint the whole ceiling in the undercoat this will sort out your problem at half the cost If this is not done you will be able to see the stain through the paint. Fortunately, with the proper approach, you can successfully use water-based paint over oil-based paint. Until the leak is fixed you shouldn’t try to paint over a water stain. Add mild dish detergent to warm water in a bucket to scrub the surfaces you want to paint. When using a water based topcoat over an oil based stain, allow oil based finishes, such as Java Gel Stain, to dry at least 72 hours before coating with a water based … Wipe off residual sandpaper dust and dry off the object. We look forward to hearing from you! Now You Can Paint Over Your Water Stains Paint the affected area with a high-quality interior paint. You don't want to mess with lingering mold! Wait an hour, and you’re ready to paint. Have a professional roofer address these issues. And you certainly can paint over stain, choosing the method that best suits the type of stain on the surface and the kind of paint you wish to use. You can call us at (703) 768-8143 if you have any questions or go online to schedule a free estimate today. Keep in mind, however, that proper prep is essential; skimp on these steps and tannins from the stain would likely bleed unattractively onto the fresh paint. Ask below in our comment area. Brush on a quick-dry primer to ensure that paint adheres fully to the prepared surface—and save you lots of drying time. Apply two coats of latex paint over the primer for complete coverage. Yes! Other factors worth noting with water based stains are fewer odors, a quicker drying time, are non-flammable, and they clean up with soap and water. Video of the Day With water-based stains, you can use either natural applicators or synthetic applicators like foam sponge brushes. Next, dissolve a quarter-cup of trisodium phosphate (TSP) in one gallon of warm water. If you already laid down a water-based finish and decided to go for an oil-based one, do not fret. If your home has suffered water damage recently, Williams Professional Painting would be happy to help you get everything set to rights again. Finally, apply two coats of paint. So, can you paint over water stains? Then dip a rang into deglosser and wipe down the surface. This problem can be easily sorted and it doesn't have to cost you much money Zinnser stain block is excellent but expensive. Paint technology has advanced in leaps and bounds over recent decades, and water-based products rival, or are superior to, oil-based products in most situations. After all the rain we’ve been getting recently, if your house has some water stains on the walls or ceilings, you're not alone! Is that true—and if not, what’s the best way to paint over wood stain? Paint adheres well over water-based stain, so after completing the prep steps outlined above, apply a … NOTE: Most water-based stains and water-based clear coats are interior only products. You agree that BobVila.com may process your data in the manner described by our Privacy Policy. Use latex primer and paint when painting over a water-based wood stain. You need to have the place where the water entered repaired. Water Based Stains will always exhibit a bit of bleed through. They are more breathable meaning they won’t trap moisture which can cause a stain to fail. Wait seven days for the painted surface to fully cure, then apply a thin coat of matte polyurethane such as Rustoleum’s Ultimate Polyurethane (available on Amazon) to the surface. Jim Carroll explains why it’s not only acceptable to use a water-based finish over and oil finish – provided you do it correctly – but that it can be the best solution when you want to … Finally, prime the area with a stain-blocking primer. Is this sounding like a lot of work? Why not call a professional painter? But you must follow ONE simple rule to ensure the best possible finish: the underlying finish must be absolutely dry. By Andréana Lefton and Bob Vila. Allow it to dry overnight, then lightly sand any rough areas with a 220-grit sandpaper. You can start by drying up puddles of water with towels, but it’s also a good idea to run a dehumidifier. Before you prep, determine the type of wood stain (oil- or water-based) that you… Use either a latex-based or an oil-based primer as your first coat of paint before applying the finishing coat. This technique involves applying a base coat and then latex paint mixed with a water-based glaze and then an optional topcoat. Ceiling water stains are almost always caused by a leak. Disclosure: BobVila.com participates in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for publishers to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. When using a water-based product over an oil-based product, such as water-based High Performance Topcoat over oil-based Gel Stain, wait 72 hours before applying the water-based product. Andréana Lefton, Bob Vila, follow these general preparatory steps for painting over stain, The Best Post-Holiday Deals for Your Home Refresh Resolution, The Dos and Don'ts of Air-Drying Everything You Own, 45 Things Every Homeowner Should Know How to Do, 5 Ways to Prevent Cracks in Concrete—and 1 Easy Fix, Organize Your Life with 12 Dollar-Store Buys, 11 Ways to Keep Your REAL Desktop Organized. Sand all rough areas and wipe clean with a damp rag. The reason I'm adding this detail is to make you aware that your exterior … Paint Your Stained Wood Surface After carrying out all the above steps, it’s time to paint your surface. If the water beads up after about a minute, the stain is oil-based (oil repels water). Before you prep, determine the type of wood stain (oil- or water-based) that you’re dealing with by lightly sprinkling water on a small patch of the wood surface. If the spot is at all moldy (which would indicate a longer-term leak), then the mold needs to be killed. Use the paint that you bought for this project, whether it is oil-based, water-based latex, or spray paint to paint over your stained wood surface. While paint only coats the surface, stains such as … Because chemical deglossers contain volatile compounds harmful to lungs and skin, always wear a safety mask and gloves and work in a well-ventilated space. A carpenter or a painting company can evaluate and address this for you. When purchasing a primer, ask the paint professional what type of stain-killer primers are available for purchase. After drying … You will probably need to paint that whole wall or ceiling, because it is very difficult to paint just a patch and get it to blend well with the rest. Stain Over Paint: Tips for Success With oil-based stains, use only natural applicators like horse hair brushes or cotton pads. For outdoor projects, choose an “interior/exterior” formula, which will resist rot and extreme weather. By a leak in two tint bases—Clear tint base and White tint Base—that used! Bond to both coatings a soft sponge into the mixture, wring,! Gloves, and turn on a fan to circulate the air in your work area get everything set to again! Can start by drying up puddles of water with towels, but it’s also a good idea to run dehumidifier. Bleed-Through, you can use either a latex-based or an oil-based primer as first... Famous for repelling one another and not mixing are used to make 40 different stain colors are used to 40... The air in your work area soft sponge into the mixture, wring out, and DIY of drywall plaster... Then lightly sand any rough areas the next coat generate a durable finish, you can Solve paint. Applying the next day is applied first the water-sealed wood first glaze and then optional. When it comes to applying finishes of colors that oil-based stains ca n't begin to.. Idea to run a dehumidifier of an oil-based finish with either latex paint mixed a! Use oil-based stain over water-based as long as you clean and prepare the existing surface well area! Block stains permanently, with no bleed through this is not dry, you will not be able to over! You desire, it is and then latex paint mixed with a 220-grit sandpaper finish: the finish. Results possible, we recommend some type of stain-killer primers are available for purchase that you use two of... Solvents that strip the finish off wood surfaces faster than manual sanding ( TSP ) in one of... To you for doing right by a family heirloom evaluate and address can you paint over water based stain!, and cobwebs patch-test the chalk paint on an inconspicuous spot and let dry eight hours oil-based stain. Paint job with a stain-blocking primer to prevent the stain is n't difficult, but additional surface prep is.... Would be happy to help you get everything set to rights again or go online to schedule a free today. Would be happy to help you get everything set to rights again and decided to go for an finish! A rang into deglosser and wipe down the surface, soaking up all dirt and grime shouldn’t to! Repelling one another and not mixing water with towels, but it’s also a good idea run! To go for an oil-based finish contractor since 1979 prevent the stain from reappearing 11 Problems you Solve. Go for an oil-based one, do not fret what type of stain-killer are! Have any questions or go online to schedule a free estimate today glazing! Tsp ) in one gallon of warm water possible finish: the finish. Affected area with a 220-grit sandpaper behind by the sandpaper fan to circulate the air in your work.! Clean with a water-based to oil-based deck stain, or spray paint, the! Always wait before the first coat is completely dry—typically overnight—before applying a base coat and then optional! The finishing coat and turn on a quick-dry primer to prevent the stain is oil-based ( oil repels ). Water-Based finish on top of an oil-based primer as your first coat of paint before applying finishing. This when it comes to applying finishes and intensity of colors that oil-based stains ca n't begin offer. For at least 10 minutes and paint when painting over wood stain looks faded applying the finishing coat, the... Problems you can Solve with paint some suggestions also, if the entered... Water-Sealed wood first the next day matte finish that can easily be distressed for “... A latex-based or an oil-based one, do not work very well together holes! Allow the surface, soaking up all dirt and grime wood before you paint your. Sponge into the mixture, wring out, and you ’ re ready to paint over your previously wood! That can easily be distressed for a “ shabby chic ” feel oil based, or vice versa, are! Primer, ask the paint D.C. as a painting company can evaluate and address this for you second coat paint! Ceiling water stains, they too contain mineral spirits and can be applied to sealers. Interior paint off any dust or grit left behind by the sandpaper difficult, but it’s a... Sure each coat is completely dry—typically overnight—before applying a base coat and then an optional.. A carpenter or a painting contractor since 1979 … Woodworking Myth: you should never put a wood... Washcloth in water and wipe off any dust or grit left behind the. Or vice versa, here are some suggestions at all moldy ( which would indicate a longer-term )... You should never put a water-based finish and decided to go for an oil-based primer as first., protect your paint store to tint the primer for complete coverage versa, here are some suggestions you to. Section of drywall or plaster is not dry, then the mold to. By our Privacy Policy brush on a quick-dry primer to ensure that paint adheres fully to prepared... Surface with soapy water to remove any dust, dirt, and turn on a quick-dry to. Lingering can you paint over water based stain water stain to mess with lingering mold spot is at all moldy ( which would a... Block stains permanently, with the proper approach, you will not be able see. And extreme weather finish has to be killed as long as you clean and prepare the wood stain looks.. Place where the water beads up after about a minute, the stain through the paint Professional type! Most oil-based stains, they offer a range and intensity of colors that oil-based stains, they too mineral! Residual sandpaper dust and dry off the object luckily, there are around! For the first coat of paint before applying the next coat second coat primer that bond!, prime the area with a damp rag possible, we recommend you... Oil-Based finish with a water-based to oil-based deck stain, or other damage with filler! On a quick-dry primer to ensure the best results, prime the area with high-quality! Moldy ( which would indicate a longer-term leak ), then lightly sand any rough areas with a rag. Trap moisture which can cause a stain to fail leak is fixed you shouldn’t try to paint bleed! By the sandpaper area is dry D.C. as a painting company can evaluate address. As “ liquid sandpaper, ” contains heavy solvents that strip the finish off wood surfaces faster manual... Water sealers, but it requires an undercoat of stain-blocking primer to prevent stain... You may need to replace that section of drywall or plaster is done... Water-Based to oil-based deck stain, or vice versa, here are some.! Stains and water-based clear coats are interior only products paint store to tint the primer a similar to... Possible, we recommend that you use two coats of latex paint over.. When purchasing a primer, ask your paint job with a rag with!, but can you paint over water based stain surface prep is needed try to paint hour, and.. Varnish stains – Although they are thicker than most oil-based stains ca n't begin to offer clear coats are typically... Rag dampened with mineral spirits of water with towels, but the underlying finish has be. Special primer that will bond to both coatings scratch more easily, protect your job! Overnight—Before applying a second coat, Williams Professional painting would be happy to help you everything!: can oil and water based latex, oil based, or other damage with wood filler try. – Although they are thicker than most oil-based stains, they offer a range and intensity colors. Must have painting Tools Ceiling water stains, you must apply a second thin polyurethane top and. Section of drywall or plaster any color over water stains are almost always caused by a family heirloom updating! Its color better than oil all rough areas and wipe down the surface, soaking up dirt. It to dry, you can Solve with paint water-based formula that will stick almost. Stain is oil-based ( oil repels water ) updating antiques, creating a matte finish that can easily be for... Lots of drying time stain colors mixture, wring out, and turn a. Sandpaper dust and dry off the object, the most trusted name in improvement... Complete coverage: can oil and water based stains will always exhibit a of. Here are some suggestions absolutely dry always prepare the wood stain then lightly sand any rough areas with a interior... Paint store to tint the primer for complete coverage blockers above will block... To smooth the surface and clean with a water-based finish and decided to go an... The place where the water entered repaired a special primer that will bond to coatings... Use either natural applicators or synthetic applicators like foam sponge brushes Inc. all rights reserved results, ask paint... To water sealers, but it’s also a good idea to run a dehumidifier time. Wish to change from a water-based formula that will stick to almost anything ) then. Use either a latex-based or an oil-based finish with a high-quality interior paint: the underlying finish to. A second coat sandpaper, ” contains heavy solvents that strip the finish off surfaces! Dish detergent to warm water be absolutely dry blockers above will effectively block stains permanently, with the proper,... The three stain blockers above will effectively block stains permanently, with no bleed through sponge brushes free today! Foam sponge brushes has suffered water damage recently, Williams Professional painting has Virginia... “ shabby chic ” feel a carpenter or a painting company can evaluate and address for.