It is important to install appropriate plant material into bare areas in the home-landscape. Wild Mexican-petunia must be removed completely, both above and belowground, or it will continue to resprout. Other characteristics that make wild Mexican-petunia a successful invasive are its rapid growth rate, affinity for disturbed locations, prolific production of seed, and lack of germination requirements such as scarification or stratification. Mexican-petunia is a perennial in zones 8 to 11 that stands up to 3 feet in height. Leaf margins are can be smooth or wavy. Mexican petunia (Ruellia simplex C. Wright) is an ornamental plant species popular in southeastern landscapes and gardens.It is native to Mexico, the Antilles, western Bolivia, southwestern Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and northwest Argentina (Ezcurran and Daniel 2007), and it is also found throughout the southeastern United States (Wunderlin and Hansen 2013). Control in invaded natural areas as well as control at the propagule source (home-gardens and landscapes) is needed for long-term management of this invasive species. [1], Ruellia simplex is native to Mexico, the West Indies, western Bolivia, southwestern Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, and northeastern Argentina. Adaptable to soil types but prefers a sunny site in a fertile moist to average moist soil. It has become a widespread invasive plant in Florida, where it was likely introduced as an ornamental before 1933. Site Feedback. Purple Showers Mexican Petunia - Ruellia - 1 Gallon Pot The Purple Showers Mexican Petunia is an exceptionally easy-to-grow and versatile perennial plant for wet or well-drained soils that forms attractive clumps of erect, deep purplish stems that are clothed in dark-green, willow-like leaves tinged in purple. If the area of established wild Mexican-petunia is large, then an herbicide application might be needed. It is mainly a plant of wet places such as ditches, pond verges, lakesides and marshes, but can survive in drier conditions. Stems are green or purple and leaves are dark green, oppositely arranged and lance-shaped, roughly 6 to 12 inches long and ½ to ¾ inches wide. Sometimes, the Latin name for this plant is written as Ruellia simplex, which was the original name given to this plant when it was discovered in Cuba in 1870. Ruellia simplex, the Mexican petunia, Mexican bluebell or Britton's wild petunia, is a species of flowering plant in the family Acanthaceae. For more multimedia, look at Ruellia simplex on Wikimedia Commons . Ruellia simplex can be grown in either the shade or full sun, and is great for edging or mass plantings. Stands of Mexican-petunia can also spread via underground stems or rhizomes. Grows 3 feet tall, 1 feet wide, with lavender flowers in summer. (Acanthaceae.) http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu. [1][2], Ruellia simplex C.Wright is the oldest and accepted name for this species, which has been variously called Ruellia angustifolia (Nees) Lindau, Ruellia brittoniana Leonard, and Cryphiacanthus angustifolius Nees, among several synonyms. Ruellia humilis wild petunia . Alba (sometimes sold as White Flower Form) produces hundreds of pure white blooms from June through September. But, be warned! We moved into our current home nine months go and I've been trying to eradicate this plant from two separate areas of my yard ever since. Ruellia are hardy and half hardy perennial sub shrubs that reach from 30 to 90 cm in height.. In fertile forms, cylindrical fruit or capsules containing 4 to 28 seeds are produced. Mexican-petunia (also known as Mexican bluebell or Britton’s petunia) is described as a “hardy perennial edging plant for flower beds and as colorful groundcovers.” Scientific names include Ruellia brittoniana, R. coerulea and R. tweediana, but taxonomists now use the name Ruellia simplex, which was the first name used to describe this species. Bare ground can quickly become invaded by weeds or different invasive species common to urban areas. It is a native of Mexico, the Caribbean, and South America. How to Grow Ruellia Plants Guide to Growing Wild petunia, Common Ruellia, and Fever root. Glyphosate can be applied at any time of year for Mexican-petunia control in the home-landscape. Native to Mexico and western South America, Ruellia simplex, also known as R. tweediana, R. brittoniana, R. coerulea, and R. malacosperma, is cold hardy to USDA hardiness zones 8 to 11.Although there has been confusion over the plants’ proper name since a German botanist named them in 1879, most horticulturists now refer to them as R. tweediana. Flowers are trumpet shaped (1-1/2 to 3 inches in diameter), solitary or borne in clusters at the tips of the stems, and are attractive to butterflies, bees and other pollinators. Posted by plantladylin (Sebastian, Florida - Zone 10a) on Jan 27, 2017 1:32 PM. [3] The genus is named after French botanist Jean Ruel, while the specific name refers to the simple, not compound leaves. Tough plant that takes dry or wet soil. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Ruellia Tuberosa. They are … Accessed: 09-Oct-10. Mowing, tillage or weed-eating the tops off Mexican-petunia will not remove the plants entirely. Mexican Petunia (Ruellia simplex) Biology and Management Adrienne M. Smith UF/IFAS Aquatic Weed Control Short Course May 6, 2015. Native alternatives to Mexican-petunia for use in home landscaping include wild petunia (Ruellia caroliniensis), blue curls (Trichostema dichotomum), butterflyweed (Asclepias tuberosa), or swamp milkweed (Asclepias perennis). Capsules have explosive dehiscence and seeds are spread long distances. Interestingly, the stem of this plant becomes more purple when it’s in bright light, as opposed to when it’s grown in a shady area, where the stem stays fairly green. This plant thrives in moist, fertile, humusy but well-drained soils. If you are planning to apply an herbicide, be aware of and follow all instructions and safety precautions outlined on the package. Accessed: 09-Oct-10. How Ruellia Tuberosa is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Keep reading to learn more about growing ruellia. Many ready-mixed and readily available herbicides can successfully reduce Mexican-petunia cover, including glyphosate, which can be purchased by home-owners at most retail garden stores under the trade name Roundup. Although Ruellia simplex has lovely blooms, due to its invasive tendencies it is not a good plant for Florida gardens. Facts, Benefits & Uses of Dwarf Bluebell UF Privacy Policy List of various diseases cured by Ruellia Tuberosa. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Phonetic Spelling roo-EL-ee-yuh SIM-plecks Description. Instead, plants can be dug up with a shovel, with the aim to remove the entire root mass. Names of Ruellia Tuberosa in various languages of the world are also given. Often confused with Ruellia tweediana, but its leaves are a bit shorter and wider. Ruellia simplex (Britton’s Wild Petunia, Desert/Mexican Petunia, Mexican Bluebell) Ruellia simplex or better known by its synonyms R. brittoniana and R. tweediana, is a delightful plant to have in one’s home garden.We got several plants in three small poly bags for a steal… really dirt cheap for just RM10. My young plant was as easy to grow and flower as well as the weedier R. simplex. This plant should be planted in bordered beds to tame their rampant and invasive growth. It thrives as a marginal water plant and in boggy soils. Ruellia brittoniana Leonard Ruellia caerulea Morong Ruellia coerulea Morong, orth. Ruellia simplex in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. • Hypolipidemic / Antioxidant: Study evaluated a powdered form of an ethanolic extract of Ruellia tuberosa for antilipidemic and antioxidant effects in hypercholesterolemic rats. Established plants have respectable drought tolerance. Ruellia simplex, or Mexican petunia, features bright trumpet-shaped blooms like its namesake, but don't look for any more similarities to the common bedding annual. Outline Background on Mexican Petunia Experiments to Inform Revegetation Future Research to Refine Management (Herbicide + … [4], Ruellia simplex is an evergreen perennial growing 3 ft (0.91 m) tall, forming colonies of stalks with lance-shaped leaves that are 6 to 12 in (15 to 30 cm) and .5 to .75 in (1.3 to 1.9 cm) wide. It grows in the ground in our garden in a harsh location -- a narrow bed between a concrete walk and a brick patio, in full sun in summer and partial shade in winter. The Mexican petunia (Ruellia brittoniana) is a beautiful addition to a flowering backyard retreat. The wild form has purple flowers, and is native to Mexico, Western South America and the Antilles. Seeds produce a gel-like substance when wet that enables them to stick to surfaces when they dry. Therefore R. simplex has priority and reduces the … This page uses Google Analytics Plants also tol… Ruellia simplex, commonly called Mexican petunia or Texas petunia, is a vigorous, shrubby, woody-based, rhizomatous perennial that is grown as an annual north of USDA Zone 8.It is native to Mexico, but has escaped gardens and naturalized somewhat aggressively in parts of the southeastern U. S. from South Carolina to Texas plus Hawaii, Puerto Rico and the U. (misapplied) Ruellia tweedianaGriseb. Mexican-petunia (also known as Mexican bluebell or Britton's petunia) is described as a "hardy perennial edging plant for flower beds and as colorful groundcovers." It was introduced to Florida in the 1940s. Ruellia simplex, or Mexican petunia, is a herbaceous evergreen perennial of the Acanthaceae family.It is sometimes named Ruellia brittoniana, but R. simplex is preferred, as it is the name first given to the plant when described in Cuba. 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